Wednesday, June 30, 2010

The Code Meaning on Nikon Lenses



SIC - Nikon Super Integrated Coating ensures exceptional performance
To enhance the performance of its optical lens elements, Nikon employs an exclusive multilayer lens coating that helps reduce ghost and flare to a negligible level.
Nikon Super Integrated Coating achieves a number of objectives, including minimized reflection in the wider wavelength range and superior color balance and reproduction. Nikon Super Integrated Coating is especially effective for lenses with a large number of elements, like our Zoom-NIKKOR lenses.
Also, Nikon's multilayer coating process is tailored to the design of each particular lens. The number of coatings applied to each lens element is carefully calculated to match the lens type and glass used, and also to assure the uniform color balance that characterizes NIKKOR lenses. This results in lenses that meet much higher standards than the rest of the industry.

AS - Aspherical lens elements
Nikon introduced the first photographic lens with aspherical lens elements in 1968. What sets them apart? Aspherical lenses virtually eliminate the problem of coma and other types of lens aberration — even when used at the widest aperture. They are particularly useful in correcting the distortion in wideangle lenses. In addition, use of aspherical lenses contributes to a lighter and smaller lens design.
Nikon employs three types of aspherical lens elements. Precision-ground aspherical lens elements are the finest expression of lens-crafting art, demanding extremely rigorous production standards. Hybrid lenses are made of a special plastic molded onto optical glass. Molded glass aspherical lenses are manufactured by molding a unique type of optical glass using a special metal die technique.

CRC - Close-Range Correction system
The Close-Range Correction (CRC) system is one of Nikon's most important focusing innovations, for it provides superior picture quality at close focusing distances and increases the focusing range.
With CRC, the lens elements are configured in a “floating element” design wherein each lens group moves independently to achieve focusing. This ensures superior lens performance even when shooting at close distances.
The CRC system is used in fisheye, wideangle, Micro, and selected medium telephoto NIKKOR lenses.

IF - Internal Focusing (IF)
Imagine being able to focus a lens without it changing in size. Nikon's IF technology enables just that. All internal optical movement is limited to the interior of the nonextending lens barrel. This allows for a more compact, lightweight construction as well as a closer focusing distance. In addition, a smaller and lighter focusing lens group is employed to ensure faster focusing. The IF system is featured in most NIKKOR telephoto and selected NIKKOR zoom lenses.

N - Nano Crystal Coat
Nano Crystal Coat is an antireflective coating that originated in the development of NSR-series (Nikon Step and Repeat) semiconductor manufacturing devices. It virtually eliminates internal lens element reflections across a wide range of wavelengths, and is particularly effective in reducing ghost and flare peculiar to ultra-wideangle lenses. Nano Crystal Coat employs multiple layers of Nikon’s outstanding extra-low refractive index coating, which features ultra-fine crystallized particles of nano size (one nanometer equals one millionth of a mm). Nikon now proudly marks a world first by applying this coating technology to a wide range of lenses for use in consumer optical products.

VR - Vibration Reduction (VR)
This innovative VR system minimizes image blur caused by camera shake, and offers the equivalent of shooting at a shutter speed three stops (eight times) faster.* It allows handheld shooting at dusk, at night, and even in poorly lit interiors. The lens’ VR system also detects automatically when the photographer pans — no special mode is required.
* As determined by Nikon performance tests.

ED - ED glass — an essential element of NIKKOR telephoto lenses
Nikon developed ED (Extra-low Dispersion) glass to enable the production of lenses that offer superior sharpness and color correction by minimizing chromatic aberration.
Put simply, chromatic aberration is a type of image and color dispersion that occurs when light rays of varying wavelengths pass through optical glass. In the past, correcting this problem for telephoto lenses required special optical elements that offer anomalous dispersion characteristics — specifically calcium fluoride crystals. However, fluorite easily cracks and is sensitive to temperature changes that can adversely affect focusing by altering the lens' refractive index.
So Nikon designers and engineers put their heads together and came up with ED glass, which offers all the benefits, yet none of the drawbacks of calcium fluorite-based glass. With this innovation, Nikon developed several types of ED glass suitable for various lenses.
They deliver stunning sharpness and contrast even at their largest apertures. In this way, NIKKOR’s ED-series lenses exemplify Nikon’s preeminence in lens innovation and performance.

RF - Rear Focusing (RF)
With Nikon's Rear Focusing (RF) system, all the lens elements are divided into specific lens groups, with only the rear lens group moving for focusing. This makes autofocusing operation smoother and faster.

ML - Meniscus Protective Lens
A curved meniscus protective glass element is installed in front of the lens to minimize ghosting by diffusing light re-reflected from the image sensor or film and the protective glass. Using a meniscus protective lens ensures a clear image with little ghosting.

SWM - Silent Wave Motor
Nikon's AF-S technology is yet another reason professional photographers like NIKKOR telephoto lenses. AF-S NIKKOR lenses feature Nikon’s SWM which converts “traveling waves” into rotational energy to focus the optics. This enables high-speed autofocusing that’s extremely accurate and super quiet.

M/A - M/A mode
AF-S NIKKOR lenses feature Nikon's exclusive M/A mode, that allows switching from autofocus to manual operation with virtually no time lag — even during AF servo operation and regardless of AF mode in use.

A/M - A/M mode (autofocus with manual override, AF priority mode)
An “autofocus-priority autofocus” mode that reduces the sensitivity of the manual override to prevent unexpected switching from auto to manual.

A-M - A-M switch
An element that locks the focus ring during autofocus while enabling behavior similar to a manual focus lens in manual focus mode with sufficient load when the focusing ring is rotated. The focus rings on the AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G VR, AF-S DX Zoom Nikkor ED 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6G, and AF-S DX Zoom-Nikkor ED 18-55 mm f/3.5-5.6GII rotate during autofocus.

RD - Rounded Diaphragm
Soft-focus shots of point light sources create regular polygonal shapes that reflect the shape of the opening created by the diaphragm blades. A rounded diaphragm uses blades designed to create a circular opening for a more beautiful soft-focus effect.

D - Distance information
D-type and G-type NIKKOR lenses relay subject-to-camera distance information to AF Nikon camera bodies. This then makes possible advances like 3D Matrix Metering and 3D Multi-Sensor Balanced Fill-Flash.
Note: D-type and G-type NIKKOR lenses provide distance information to the following cameras: Auto exposure; F6, F5, F100, F90X, F80, F75, F70, F65, F60, F55, F50, PRONEA S, PRONEA 600i, D2 series, D1 series, D100 and D70s/D70.
Flash control; F6, F5, F100, F90X, F80, F75, F70, D2 series, D1 series, D100 and D70s/D70.

G - G-type NIKKOR
The G-type NIKKOR has no aperture ring; aperture should be selected from camera body.

DC - AF DC-NIKKOR lenses — unique NIKKOR lenses for unique portraits
AF DC-NIKKOR lenses feature exclusive Nikon Defocus-image Control technology. This allows photographers to control the degree of spherical aberration in the foreground or background by rotating the lens' DC ring. This will create a rounded out-of-focus blur that is ideal for portrait photography. No other lenses in the world offer this special technique.

Tuesday, June 29, 2010

Technical Image Press Association awards for canon cameras



Three Canon cameras selected for esteemed Technical Image Press Association awards
Canon EOS 550D
Honored with the "Best DSLR Advanced in 2010" award, the judges identified the 18.0-megapixel Canon EOS 550D (Canon Rebel T2i in the Americas, EOS Kiss X4 in Japan) digital SLR camera as "dedicated to the demanding consumer, but definitely usable by any amateur and enthusiast photographer." The camera was also praised for its "impressive number of settings and functions," including Full HD (1,920 x 1,080 pixels) recording and a Live View mode.

Canon EOS 7D
The Canon EOS 7D digital SLR secured the "Best DSLR Expert in 2010" award, and was recognized for its 18.0-megapixel CMOS sensor (APS-C size) and its ability to deliver "superb results" up to ISO 6400. Of the camera, the judges said, "Action photographers will love shooting at 1/8000 sec. shutter speed and ultra fast frame rates," and noted that "exceptional HD video makes this camera the choice of professional video makers."

Canon PowerShot G11
Winning "Best Expert Compact Camera in 2010," the Canon PowerShot G11 was recognized as a "well-built and user-friendly" camera with a diverse range of functions and capabilities that photographers need. The judges stated that the model, which features a 28-140mm (equivalent) optical zoom lens and high-resolution 10.0-megapixel CCD sensor, "is a great tool to work with precision and discretion."

Monday, June 28, 2010

MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF NETHERLANDS 2010



MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF NETHERLANDS 2010

1. Jorge Lorenzo SPA Fiat Yamaha Team
2. Dani Pedrosa SPA Repsol Honda Team
3. Casey Stoner AUS Ducati Team
4. Ben Spies USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
5. Andrea Dovizioso ITA Repsol Honda Team
6. Randy de Puniet FRA LCR Honda MotoGP
7. Nicky Hayden USA Ducati Team
8. Colin Edwards USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
9. Marco Simoncelli ITA San Carlo Honda Gresini
10. Aleix Espargaro SPA PRAMAC RACING TEAM
11. Mika Kallio FIN PRAMAC RACING TEAM
12. Hector Barbera SPA Paginas Amarillas Aspar
13. Loris Capirossi ITA Rizla Suzuki MotoGP
14. Alvaro Bautista SPA Rizla Suzuki MotoGP
15. Kousuke AKIYOSHI JPN Interwetten Honda MotoGP

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F1 RESULT GRAND PRIX OF VALENCIA (European) 2010



F1 RESULT GRAND PRIX OF VALENCIA (European) 2010

1. Sebastian Vettel RBR-Renault
2. Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes
3. Jenson Button McLaren-Mercedes
4. Rubens Barrichello Williams-Cosworth
5. Robert Kubica Renault
6. Adrian Sutil Force India-Mercedes
7. Kamui Kobayashi BMW Sauber-Ferrari
8. Fernando Alonso Ferrari
9. Sebastien Buemi STR-Ferrari
10. Nico Rosberg Mercedes GP
11. Felipe Massa Ferrari
12. Pedro de la Rosa BMW Sauber-Ferrari
13. Jaime Alguersuari STR-Ferrari
14. Vitaly Petrov Renault
15. Michael Schumacher Mercedes GP
16. Vitantonio Liuzzi Force India-Mercedes
17. Lucas Di Grassi Virgin-Cosworth
18. Karun Chandhok HRT-Cosworth
19. Timo Glock Virgin-Cosworth
20. Bruno Senna HRT-Cosworth
21. Jarno Trulli Lotus-Cosworth

Not Classified
10 Nico Hulkenberg Williams-Cosworth
19 Heikki Kovalainen Lotus-Cosworth
6 Mark Webber RBR-Renault

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Monday, June 21, 2010

MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF BRITISH (Silverstone) 2010



MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF BRITISH (Silverstone) 2010

1. Jorge Lorenzo SPA Fiat Yamaha Team
2. Andrea Dovizioso ITA Repsol Honda Team
3. Ben Spies USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
4. Nicky Hayden USA Ducati Team
5. Casey Stoner AUS Ducati Team
6. Randy de Puniet FRA LCR Honda MotoGP
7. Marco Simoncelli ITA San Carlo Honda Gresini
8. Dani Pedrosa SPA Repsol Honda Team
9. Colin Edwards USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
10. Aleix Espargaro SPA PRAMAC RACING TEAM
11. Hector Barbera SPA Paginas Amarillas Aspar
12. Alvaro Bautista SPA Rizla Suzuki MotoGP
13. Mika Kallio FIN PRAMAC RACING TEAM

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F1 RESULT GRAND PRIX OF CANADIAN 2010



F1 RESULT GRAND PRIX OF CANADIAN 2010

1. Lewis Hamilton McLaren-Mercedes
2. Jenson Button McLaren-Mercedes
3. Fernando Alonso Ferrari
4. Sebastian Vettel RBR-Renault
5. Mark Webber RBR-Renault
6. Nico Rosberg Mercedes GP
7. Robert Kubica Renault
8. Sebastien Buemi STR-Ferrari
9. Vitantonio Liuzzi Force India-Mercedes
10. Adrian Sutil Force India-Mercedes
11. Michael Schumacher Mercedes GP
12. Jaime Alguersuari STR-Ferrari
13. Nico Hulkenberg Williams-Cosworth
14. Rubens Barrichello Williams-Cosworth
15. Felipe Massa Ferrari
16. Heikki Kovalainen Lotus-Cosworth
17. Vitaly Petrov Renault
18. Karun Chandhok HRT-Cosworth
19. Lucas Di Grassi Virgin-Cosworth

Not Finished
24 Timo Glock Virgin-Cosworth
18 Jarno Trulli Lotus-Cosworth
22 Pedro de la Rosa BMW Sauber-Ferrari
21 Bruno Senna HRT-Cosworth
23 Kamui Kobayashi BMW Sauber-Ferrari

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Monday, June 7, 2010

Would u like to have a cup of Tea?



There was a couple who used to go to England to shop in the beautiful stores. They both liked antiques and pottery and especially teacups. This was their twenty-fifth wedding anniversary. One day in this beautiful shop they saw a beautiful teacup. They said, “May we see that? We’ve never seen one quite so beautiful”. As the lady handed it to them, suddenly the teacup spoke. “You don’t understand”. It said. “Haven’t always been a teacup .there was a time when I was red and I was clay. My master took me and rolled me and patted me over and over and I yelled out, ‘Let me alone’. But he smiled, ‘Not yet’. “Then I was placed on a spinning wheel,” the teacup said, and suddenly was spun around and around and around. ‘Stop it! I’m getting dizzy!’ I screamed. But the master only nodded and said, ‘Not yet.’ “Then he put me in the oven. I never felt such heat. I wondered why he wanted to burn me, and I yelled and knocked at the door. I could see him through the opening and I could read his lips as he shook his head, ‘Not yet’. “Finally the door opened, he put me on the shelf, and I began to cool.’ there, that’s better’, I said. And he brushed and painted me all over. The fumes were horrible. I thought I would gag. ‘Stop it!’ I cried. He only nodded, ‘Not yet’. “Then suddenly he put me back into the oven, not like the first one. This was twice as hot and I knew I would suffocate. I begged. I pleaded. I screamed. I cried. All the time I could see him through the opening nodding his head saying, ‘Not yet.” Then I knew there wasn’t any hope. I would never make it. I was ready to give up. But the door opened and he took me out and placed me on the shelf. One hour later he handed me a mirror and I couldn’t believe it was me. ‘It’s beautiful. I’m beautiful.’ When you are going through adversity, & searching for reasons & answers, remember that it may not be a punishment from God, it may not be your fault or anyone’s fault. Adversity is here for a reason; for it is only through struggles, pain & suffering that we grow stronger & wiser.

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Sunday, June 6, 2010

MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF ITALIAN (Mugello) 2010



MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF ITALIAN (Mugello) 2010

1 Dani Pedrosa SPA Repsol Honda Team
2 Jorge Lorenzo SPA Fiat Yamaha Team
3 Andrea Dovizioso ITA Repsol Honda Team
4 Casey Stoner AUS Ducati Marlboro Team
5 Marco Melandri ITA San Carlo Honda Gresini
6 Randy de Puniet FRA LCR Honda MotoGP
7 Ben Spies USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
8 Aleix Espargaro SPA PRAMAC RACING TEAM
9 Marco Simoncelli ITA San Carlo Honda Gresini
10 Loris Capirossi ITA Rizla Suzuki MotoGP
11 Hiroshi Aoyama JPN Interwetten Honda MotoGP
12 Hector Barbera SPA Paginas Amarillas Aspar
13 Colin Edwards USA Monster Yamaha Tech 3
14 Alvaro Bautista SPA Rizla Suzuki MotoGP


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MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF SPANISH 2010
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The world champions MOTOGP (1949-2009)
MOTOGP RESULT GRAND PRIX OF MALAYSIAN 2009